The History Wall shows the history and origins of The Royal Anglian Regiment, from its formation in 1964, back through the East Anglian
Regiments and even further back through its antecedent Regiments. Click the button to the right to see the Regimental Family Tree.
The Royal Anglian Regiment was formed in 1964 from the three Regiments of the East Anglian Brigade and The Royal Leicestershire Regiment. These four Regular Battalions were later joined by three TA Battalions; the 5th (V) Battalion in 1967 and the 6th and 7th in 1971. Much has changed since then and the Regiment now comprises two Regular battalions (1st and 2nd) and one Army Reserve battalion (3rd).
The East Anglian Regiments were formed between 1958 and 1960 by the amalgamations of the nine County Regiments (the Former Regiments) of East Anglia as part of the reduction in the size of the Army following the ending of National Service. The East Anglian Regiments served variously in Berlin, BAOR (Germany), Northern Ireland, Malaya and British Guiana. In 1964 the three East Anglian Regiments were joined by The Royal Leicestershire Regiment to form The Royal Anglian Regiment.
Right picture: 3rd East Anglian Regiment on patrol, Malaya.
Click the tabs below to see details of the antecedent regiments from which The Royal Anglian Regiment traces its history:
Family Tree of The Royal Anglian Regiment
(Regular Army Regiments and Battalions)
Family Tree of The Royal Anglian Regiment
(Territorial Army Regiments and Battalions post World War II)
The Royal Norfolk Regiment was raised in 1685. The badge of "Britannia" was bestowed on the Regiment for its great bravery at the Battle of ALMANZA in Spain in 1707, during the Wars of the Spanish Succession. The Regiment earned the nickname "The Holy Boys" supposedly from the fact that an ill informed Spaniard, seeing Britannia on the Regiment's Colours during the Peninsular War, considered it to be a figure of the Virgin Mary such as is carried on banners in Roman Catholic countries during church processions.
Pictures left to right: Lance Corporal, 1st Battalion The Royal Norfolk Regiment 1944-45. Officer, The 9th, (The East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot, Corunna 1808-09.
The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment was raised in 1685. It was awarded the Sphinx emblem and Honour EGYPT for service under Wellington in 1801. Its most famous Battle Honour was gained at SOBRAON in 1846 during the Sikh Wars in India. It gained the nickname "The Poachers" from the title of its Regimental March, "The Lincolnshire Poacher".
Pictures left to right: Corporal, The 10th (North Lincoln) Regiment of Foot, Sobraon 1846. Corps of Drums The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment, 1960.
The Suffolk Regiment was raised in 1685. Its Battle Honour MINDEN was awarded for the battle in Germany in 1759 during the Seven Years War. Soldiers of the Regiment plucked flowering roses to adorn their uniforms before taking part in the battle against the French. MINDEN has been adopted as the Regimental Battle Honour of The Royal Anglian Regiment together with the custom of wearing red and yellow roses on 1st August. It was awarded the emblem of the Castle and Key of GIBRALTAR for its part in the Great Siege of 1779-83. The
Suffolk Regiment was known as the
Pictures left to right: Private, 12th Regiment of Foot, Minden 1759. Mounted infantry, Egypt/Sudan 1913.
The Bedfordshire Regiment was raised in 1688 and the additional title of Hertfordshire was added in 1919 to create a closer bond between the Regiment and the two counties which had kept its ranks filled during the 1914-1918 War. The most famous Battle Honour was gained at the Battle of BLENHEIM in 1704 during the Duke of Marlborough's campaigns against the French. The Regiment gained the nickname "The Peacemakers" because of its lengthy and loyal service in the West Indies and North America and its absence from the European Campaigns during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, yet in this period it had taken part in nine wars in all.
Picture left to right: Corporal, 1st Battalion The Hertfordshire Regiment, 37th Division, Ypres 1917. Private, Derby's Regiment, Blenheim 1704. Later The 16th Regiment of Foot.
The Royal Leicestershire Regiment was raised in 1688. In 1777 it was awarded the unbroken Laurel Wreath emblem for its bravery at the Battle of PRINCETOWN in the American War of Independence. In 1825 the Regiment was awarded the Honour of wearing the insignia of the Royal Tiger superimposed with the word HINDOOSTAN, in recognition of its exemplary service and conduct during its campaigning and long tour in India from 1804-1823. Since that time the Regiment was always proudly called "The Tigers".
Pictures left to right: Officer, The 17th (Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot, India c1817. Corporal, The 17th (Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot.
The earliest predecessor Regiment to the Essex Regiment was raised in 1741. It took part in the Great Siege of GIBRALTAR from 1779-83 and was awarded the Castle and Key emblem. A famous Battle Honour was won at SALAMANCA in 1812 during the Duke of Wellington's campaigns in the Peninsular War against Napoleon's French troops, during which an Eagle, the highly treasured emblem of a French Regiment, was captured. Members of the Regiment were known as "The Pompadours" because of their rose-purple facings, a colour popular with Madame de Pompadour, a well-known lady of the French court in the eighteenth century.
Pictures left to right: Private, The 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot, Taku Forts 1860. Colour Sergeants, 2nd Battalion The Essex Regiment with the old 56th Pompadour regimental colours, c. 1890s.
The Northamptonshire Regiment was raised in 1741. It too was part of the Great Siege of GIBRALTAR from 1779-83 and was awarded the Castle and Key emblem. The most famous Battle Honour TALAVERA was gained in 1809 during the Duke of Wellington's campaigns against the French in the Peninsula. At the same time they earned the nickname "The Steelbacks" for their ability to show complete contempt when being flogged with the cat-o'-nine tails, then a normal method of administering punishments in the Army even for very minor crimes.
Pictures left to right: Corporal, The 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot, Talavera 1809. Lieutenant W.E. Boulter, VC, 6th Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment. Lieutenant Boulter won his VC as a Sergeant for his actions, although wounded in the shoulder, in tackling a German machine-gun post single-handedly at Trones Wood on the 14.7.1916.
The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment
The Suffolk Regiment
The Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire Regiment
The Royal Leicestershire Regiment
The Essex Regiment
The Northamptonshire Regiment